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The Why, Where, When of TPMS Sensors

To understand any TPMS relearn procedure, you have to understand this: Sensors only transmit, they do not receive. No vehicle asks a sensor for information on how it is doing. I know you’re thinking a sensor does receive signals when the vehicle...

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Most Common Causes of Misfire Codes

A flashing check engine light and a P0301 to P0312 diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a surefire indication that one or more cylinders are misfiring. Occasional misfires may pass unnoticed, but a steady misfire is hard to miss. The engine usually feels...

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Pattern Failures of MAF and MAP Sensors

Pattern failures are those failures that happen over and over again — and the same applies to how customers describe these failures. Customers might unknowingly give you the answer to their problem without needing to open the hood. In this article,...

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Servicing The Electronically Adjustable Shocks Of Full-Sized GM Trucks

Since the 2000 model year, GM has offered electronically adjustable suspension as an option on Chevy, Cadillac and GMC full-size trucks. The system actuates the valving in the shocks to control ­suspension position and body attitude. The electronic...

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Diagnosing Clutch Assembly Noises

Noise can resonate from many areas of a ­vehicle’s driveline. There are several types of noises associated with the clutch assembly. The release bearing is most often blamed for being the cause of noise when, in many cases, it is not the release...

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Making Sense Of Steering Angle Sensor Input And Data

Measuring the­ ­position angle, rate of turn and force of the steering wheel is critical for Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems. Scan tools call these Steering Angle Sensors (SAS) and typically display the information in degrees. The SAS...

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Internal Engine Oil Consumption Diagnostics

Due to the variables in engine design and ­operating conditions, internal engine oil ­consumption complaints are often the most difficult to solve. In some cases, oil consumption might be more severe under low-speed operation, in other cases, high-speed...

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Hyundai Fuel System, Emissions Diagnostics

Hyundai has done a good job of improving its ­offerings over the years from both an aesthetic and mechanical viewpoint. Complemented by a strong warranty and good value, the carmaker has been able to increase its market share year over year. If you aren’t...

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Curing Volvo Manual Transmission Rattle

In an effort to increase fuel efficiency, today’s engines produce more torque so they can be ­driven at extremely low rpm. ­Reduced viscosity engine and gearbox oils, less vehicle weight and improved aerodynamics also contribute to better fuel economy....

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Victor’s Cash Back Program Makes Select Welders and Plasma Cutters More Affordable

Victor Technologies has launched its Cash Back Rebate program for customers in the United States and Canada. Between July 1 and Dec. 31, 2014, purchasers of select Tweco and Victor Thermal Dynamics systems can receive between $50 and $450 cash back....

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AVI To Provide Technicians with $1 Million in Free Training

AVI (Automotive Video Innovations) is giving back to the automotive community that has given so much opportunity to the Florida-based video company. To carry out that mission, AVI reports that it is pledging to give away $1 million worth of training...

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GearWrench Launches Street Team, a New Mobile Driver Program

GearWrench, a premier hand tool brand from Apex Tool Group, has announced Street Team, a new program that gives independent mobile distributors the support of an established tool brand without the restrictions of a franchise. "Response to the program...

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Home x-old ACPN Alignment and Suspension Specs: Ford Fusion 2006-2010

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AWD and Hybrid models do not differ significantly from the FWD models, and the same is true for 4-cylinder and V6 models. One of the only differences in AWD model specs is the rear ride height.

If you get one of these vehicles in your shop, you need to be aware of a few things at write-up that could turn a “menu priced” alignment into a very expensive procedure. Be aware, to adjusting the camber or caster in the front requires replacement of the upper ball joint with an aftermarket adjustable unit. Also, the  caster can be adjusted with new upper “plus or minus” control arm from Ford.

Front Suspension
The front suspension on the Fusion uses a double ball joint arrangement on the lower control arms. If one of the links or joints is damaged, it can create steering problems like poor returnability and inconsistent steering feel.

There is no built-in camber or caster adjustment for the front suspension. Adjusting these angles requires an adjustable ball joint for the upper control arm. The adjustable aftermarket ball joint is easy to install and will give ±1.0º of camber or caster. Some adjustable ball joints can give as much as ±1.5º.

The caster can also be altered by changing the upper control arm. Ford has released four different control arm part numbers (two for each side) that alter the caster by ±0.4º depending on the control arm ordered. This is not a “standard adjustment” but should be used as a last resort if the vehicle can not be brought to within specifications.

When you reinstall the upper control arm, it is critical to align the bushings in the body bracket. Failure to do so will result in noise and vibration. When installing the bolts that attach the control arm to the vehicle, do not tighten fully. To align the hole in the upper arm with the hole in the body bracket, insert a 6.35mm (0.25 inch) drill bit through both holes. Tighten the upper arm-to-body bolts to 35 ft./lbs. and remove the drill bit.

Inspection of the suspension components is necessary before performing an alignment. Replacing damaged suspension components may save time and be more profitable as opposed to installing adjustable components. Take time to look at the alignment readings and compare them side to side. While a shifted or damaged cradle may be impossible to diagnose with the naked eye, the camber and caster angles can be more conclusive.

Rear Suspension
The rear suspension is adjustable without any parts or kits. The toe is adjustable using a toe link. Camber is adjustable by an eccentric bolt in the lower control arm. There have not been any reports of sagging or broken rear springs like on the Taurus model it replaced.


Ride Height

Jounce the car’s suspension several times, making sure to pull up and release several times.
In the front, the first measurement is taken from the center of the inboard lower control arm bolt to the ground. Next, measure the distance from the ground to the underside of the control arm directly under the strut. Subtract the second measurement from the first; this will give you the height specification for that side. Average the the measurements for both sides. On all models including AWD, the distance should be 2-11/16" (68mm) ± 3/4" (19mm).

In the rear, the first measurement is taken from the center of the inboard lower control bolt to the ground. Next, measure the distance from the ground to the center of the bolt of the outboard pivot bolt. Subtract the second measurement from the first and this will give you the height specification. Average the the measurements for both sides. The specification for the rear for FWD models is 2-9/16" (65mm). On AWD models, the specification is 2-1/32" (52mm). On both models, if it is below specification by 7/8" (19mm), Check for damaged springs or suspension components.

Steering Position Sensor
Stability control was optional in 2009 and standard in 2010. If a toe adjustment was made, it is not required to calibrate the steering.

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Alignment & Suspension Specs: 2003-2007 Cadillac CTS

The first-generation Cadillac CTS was introduced in 2003 and ended production in the 2007 model year. The Cadillac CTS was built on GM’s rear-wheel drive Sigma platform. The CTS for years 2003-2007 came with two suspension packages­ – standard and sport. The packages have two different alignment spe… More
 
Tech Tip: New Caster/Camber Adjustments for Old Ford Ranger
The cam bolt and nut kit that was used for adjusting caster and camber on all torsion bar and coil spring front suspensions prior to 2004 has been discontinued. Now, if the caster and camber settings need to be adjusted, a washer must be installed. The right-hand upper control arm design changed from… More
 
Alignment and Scan Tools
How can centering a steering wheel during an alignment cause a vehicle to turn a blind eye? In the past two years we have seen more vehicles on the market with stability management and adaptive cruise control. If a vehicle with one of these systems comes into your shop More
 
 

 

 

 

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Andrew Markel

Andrew Markel is the editor of Brake & Front End and Servicio Automotriz magazines. He has been with Babcox Media for more than 12 years. He is a technician and former service writer and holds several automotive certifications from ASE and ­aftermarket manufacturers. He can be reached at [email protected]
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